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Aeneid lines IV.296-400Edit

296. But the queen (who could* deceive a lover?) (*deliberative subjunctive.)

297. suspected the tricks, and she first understood the movements about to be,

298. fearing everything safe*. The same wicked Rumor reported (*"tuta" describes "omnia", not "regina".)

299. to her raging that the fleet was being armed* and that a course was being prepared*. (*indirect statement.)

300. Destitute of mind*, she rages, and and raves inflamed through the whole city, (*genitive with special adjective.)

301. as an excited Bacchante after sacrifices have been shaken*, (*trust me, this IS the correct translation. Bacchantes literally did shake sacrifices during their triennial revels.)

302. when triennial orgies incite her* after Bacchus** has been heard (*implied object. **i.e., his name.)

303. and nocturnal Cithaeron calls* with a shout**. (*personification. **ablative of means.)

304. Finally, she accosts Aeneas further with these words:

305. "Did you even hope, treacherous one, that you were able* to conceal such a great (*you could interpret this as another complementary infinitive; i.e. "to be able" rather than "that you were able".)

306. sin and depart, silent, from my land?

307. Does neither our love nor the right hand given at some time

308. nor Dido about to die by a cruel death hold you?

309. Why do you prepare your fleet even* at the winter star** (*"quin etiam" collectively means "why even". **ablative of time when or attendant circumstance. This really just means during winter.)

310. and hurry to go through the deep sea in the middle of the North Winds,

311. cruel one? As to what*, if you were not seeking** foreign fields and unknown homes, [*accusative of respect, or you could translate "quid" as a simple "why". **conditional (contrary to fact).]

312. and old Troy were still remaining*, (*conditional (contrary to fact).)

313. would Troy be sought* through the wavy sea with ships**? (*conditional (contrary to fact). **ablative of means.)

314. Are you fleeing me? I beseech* you, through these tears and your right hand, (*enormous hyperbaton-- this verb is a good 5 lines down in the original Latin.)

315. (since I myself have now left nothing else for miserable me),

316. through our wedding, through the begun wedding-hymns,

317. if I deserved anything* well from you, or [if] my anything was (*quid = aliquid; "ali" is removed in a conditional clause. *genitive with special verb.)

318. sweet to you*, pity the falling home**, and, (*dative of reference. **genitive with special verb.)

319. if there was* any place for prayers** until now, discard that intention. (*supplied. **dative of purpose.)

320. On account of you*, Libyan races and the tyrants of the Nomads (*anastrophe.)

321. hate* me**, the Tyrians are*** hostile; on account of the same you**** (*"odi" is a verb whose perfect forms translate as present, pluperfect forms like past, and future perfect forms like future. It has no present, imperfect, or future forms. **implied object. ***supplied verb; ellipsis. ****anastrophe.)

322. my modesty has been detroyed*, and my former reputation, with which alone I was approaching the stars [has been destroyed]. (*"est" supplied.)

323. For whom* do you desert me about to die-- guest (*dative of reference.)

324. (because this name alone remains from "husband")?

325. As to what* do I delay? Or [do I delay] until my brother Pygmalion (*accusative of respect, or you could translate this as a simple "why".)

326. should destroy* my walls or Gaetulian Iarbas should lead* me captured? (*anticipatory clause.)

327. At least, if there had been* for me any** offspring, having been taken up, from you before your flight, (*conditional; contrary to fact. **qua = aliqua, which is nominative. The "ali" goes away because it is in a conditional clause.)

328. if any* tiny Aeneas were playing** in my*** palace (*quid = aliquid; the "ali" goes away because it is in a conditional clause. **conditional; contrary to fact. ***"mihi" = dative of reference; literally "the palace for me".)

329. who, however, would renew* you with his face, (*relative clause of characteristic.)

330. I would not seem* completely captured** and deserted**, indeed." (*conditional; contrary to fact. **both predicate nominative.)

331. She had spoken. From the warnings* of Jupiter, that man was holding his motionless eyes, (*ablative of cause)

332. and having struggled, he was repressing his grief beneath his heart.

333. Finally, he replies a few things: "Queen, I will never deny that you

334. deserved* very many things which you are able to enumerate by speaking, (*"esse" supplied.)

335. and it will not displease me to remember* Dido** (*"meminisse", like "odere" in line 321, translates as present in its perfect forms, so this infinitive translates as "to remember", not "to have remembered". **genitive with special verb)

336. as long as I myself am* mindful of myself**, as long as life rules these limbs. (*supplied. **genitive with special adjective. "meī" is the genitive form of "ego".)

337. I will speak a few things on behalf of the deed*. I neither hoped to hide this (*the "deed" being getting ready to leave Carthage.)

338. flight with stealth (do not* pretend), nor did I ever use as a screen (*"ne" in front of an imperative makes it negative.)

339. the bridal torches of a husband or come into these agreements*. (*the marriage agreements.)

340. If the fates were allowing* me to lead a life (*conditional (contrary to fact).)

341. with my authority and calm my griefs at my will,

342. I would first dwell in* the Trojan city and cherish the sweet (*conditional (contrary to fact).)

343. remains of my men*, the high roofs of Priam would remain**, (*supplied. **conditional (contrary to fact).)

344. and I would have established* with my hand a revived Troy for the conquered ones**. (*conditional (contrary to fact). A pluperfect in the conclusion of a conditional clause translates "would have", not "had". **"ones" supplied. While the book says this is dative of reference, indirect object could probably work as well.)

345. But now Grynian Apollo [has ordered me to reach] great Italy, [and]* Lycian lots (*asyndeton. I supplied the "and" here.)

346. have ordered me* to reach Italy; (*implied object.)

347. this is the desire, this is the country*. If the forts of Carthage (*Italy.)

348. and the appearance of the Libyan city holds* you back, Dido, (*the verb agrees with "aspectus" rather than both "aspectus" and "arcēs" as you would expect.)

349. what envy* is there that the Trojans are settling** at last on (*hyperbaton; "quae" describes "invidia". **indirect statement.)

350. Ausonian land? Also*, it is divine law that we are seeking** foreign kingdoms. (*"et" = "etiam" here. **more indirect statement, with "nos" being the subject of it.)

351. The troubled ghost* of my father Anchises, as often as night hides the (*This comes from "imago", two lines down.)

352. lands with moist shadows*, as often as fiery stars rise, (*ablative of means.)

353. advises me* in my dreams and frightens me*; (*this "me" is found on line 351, two lines up.)

354. the boy Ascanius and the injustice of his precious head*, (*synecdoche.)

355. whom I deprive of a kingdom* of Hesperia and destined fields*, [urges] me. (*both ablative of separation.)

356. Now even the messenger of the gods, sent by Jupiter himself

357. (I swear by either head*) has carried down orders through (*His and Dido's heads.)

358. the swift airs: I myself saw the god in clear light* (*most likely an ablative of place where.)

359. entering the walls, and I drank in his voice with these ears*. (*ablative of means.)

360. Cease to inflame both me and yourself* with your complaints; (*double -que = et…et. Just translating the "te" as "you" would be awkward in English, but it would probably still be acceptable.)

361. I do not pursue Italy out of desire*." (*ablative of cause.)

362. Having turned away, she watches him* saying such things for a long time, (*supplied.)

363. turning her eyes here and there, and she surveys the whole man* (*supplied.)

364. with silent eyes* and speaks out, inflamed, in this way: (*ablative of means.)

365. “Neither do you have* a divine mother of a race nor is Dardanus the founder, (*dative of possession. “tibi est” = “you have” in more natural English than “there is to you”.)

366. treacherous one, but the rough Caucusus with rough crags* begat you (*ablative of description.)

367. and Hyrcanian tigers moved their udders [to you].

368. For what am I pretending or to what greater [wrongs] do I reserve myself?

369. He did not lament from our weeping*, did he? He did not move his eyes, did he? (*ablative of cause.)

370. The conquered one did not give tears or pity a lover, did he?

371. What things am I to set before such things*? Now, NOW, neither greatest Juno (*dative with special verb (compound). See Uses of the dative for more information.)

372. nor the father born of Saturn beholds these things with fair eyes.

373. Trust is never safe. I received you cast out on the shore, needy,

374. and I, crazy, placed you in a part of the kingdom.

375. I led back a lost fleet, comrades from death

376. (alas, I am carried burned by furies!): now augur Apollo,

377. now Lycian lots, now even an interpreter of the gods,

378. sent by Jove himself, brings horrible orders through the airs.

379. Obviously, this task is for the gods*, this concern disturbs (*dative of reference.)

380. them calm. I neither hold you nor contradict your words:

381. go, follow Italy with the winds*, seek kingdoms through the waves.

382. Indeed I hope that, if pious divinities can [do] anything,

383. that you will drink in punishments in the middle of cliffs and that

384. you will often call Dido by name*. I will follow, absent, (*ablative of means, NOT RESPECT. Yes, it is "nomine", but it does not go with an appositive.)

385. with black fires and, when my cold death will have separated my limbs from my soul*, (*abl. of separation)

386. I will be there, a ghost, at all places. You will pay, wicked one, the penalties.

387. I will hear and this story will come to me* beneath the lowest spirits of the dead." (*dat. of direction, since it would ordinarily be "ad mē")

388. After these things were said, she breaks off the conversation and

389. flees the airs, wretched, and turns away and carries away herself from his eyes

390. leaving him delaying many things from fear* and preparing to

391. say may things. Maid-servants take up and carry her

392. limbs, having collapsed, to the marble bridal chamber and lay her away on couches.

393. But loyal Aeneas, although he wants to soothe her grieving

394. by comforting and turn away her cares with words,

395. lamenting many things and shaken as to his mind* by great love, (*acc. of respect.)

396. nonetheless performs the orders of the gods and revisits the fleet.

397. Then, the Trojans truly urge on and lead down their

398. high ships from the whole shore. An anointed ship floats,

399. and they carry leafy oars and unfashioned oaks from the forests

400. with a desire of flight*. (*genitive case.)

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